Actants Involved

Print Book or Article

Description of the Violation

As multiple copies of a print book or article are created the principle that content should be mutually exclusive is always violated.

There are many situations in which such violation poses no problem. This is for original authored works, or when the quality of the content is beyond any discussion for the intended audience, such as in schoolbooks for pupils, high quality peer reviewed articles for researchers, etc.

Good Practices

The Print Book or Article should not be used in situations where content is dynamic, its relevance has a limited timespan, or where it targets peer communities.

Web-based practices (wikis, webpages, web accesible databases) are recommended, such as for instance a disciplined use of:

Factual changes should be inserted or posted at a single place determined by time, territory, classifications, and ontology.

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